Video-Preamble of the 1987 Philippines constitutionConstitution Article 11:1 |
The Accountability of Public Officers

Section 1. Public office is a public trust. Public officers and employees must, at all times, be accountable to the people, serve them with utmost responsibility, integrity, loyalty, and efficiency; act with patriotism and justice, and lead modest lives.

Constitution Article 11:1, within the last article, we shared the introduction, and within this article, we hope to bring forth a more detailed meaning of our introduction.

The introduction gave us the four points, followed by three other points which will lead each officer to serve, each person, with:

  1. utmost responsibilityaccountability road sign illustration design over a white background
  2. integrity
  3. loyalty
  4. efficiency

Followed by acts of:

  1. patriotism
  2. justice
  3. lead by modest lives

As I go more into detail, about the principles above, I will be using a Constitutional Commentary written by Hector S. De Leon which I strongly advise for you, as the reader, to also have in your collection of books.1902027_389813001183615_5005432186472186507_n

Hector S. De Leon’s book is entitled “Textbook on the Philippine Constitution” printed in 2008. If you would like a more up-to-date version, of Hector’s commentary, Hector, along with his son, has a 2014 version which might cost 570P at a National bookstore or REX bookstore.

Hector starts off by defining, for us, what the “nature of public office” is:

(1) A public office is a public trust — “It is not to be understood as a position of honor, prestige and power but a position of rendering service for the public good and not for private gain.” [pg. 472]

Hector also assures us that “The holder of the office may not claim vested right in it” nor do they have the “right to sue the government” as if by any means they might of come across on having their reputation damaged when being removed from office. [pg 473]

So, no officer should ever see their position in office as a position of honor, prestige or even power which can lead to tyranny.

  1. position of honor – the privilege of being associated with or receivinga favor from a respected person, group,organization, etc.
  2. prestige — reputation or influence arising from success,achievement, rank, or other favorable attributes.
  3. power — ability to do or act; capability of doing or accomplishing something.

 To Be Continued in Part 3

Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5

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